Archive for November, 2014

Mysterious Roman God Baffles Experts

Posted in SCIENCE, GEOLOGY,HEALTH, INVIRONMENT, TECHNOLOGY,ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY, with tags on November 29, 2014 by 2eyeswatching

Post 3998

Mysterious Roman God Baffles Experts

 

Advertisements

Workers at Biblical Copper Mines Ate Quite Well

Posted in SCIENCE, GEOLOGY,HEALTH, INVIRONMENT, TECHNOLOGY,ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY, with tags on November 29, 2014 by 2eyeswatching

Post 3997

Workers at Biblical Copper Mines Ate Quite Well

 

The Perseus Galaxy Cluster Reveals Something Astonishing ina X-Rys

Posted in THE UNIVERSE & SPACE SCIENCE with tags on November 29, 2014 by 2eyeswatching

Post 3996

Annalee Newitz

http://io9.com/the-perseus-galaxy-cluster-reveals-something-astonishin-1663494743

The Perseus Galaxy Cluster Reveals Something Astonishing ina X-Rys

The Perseus Galaxy Cluster Reveals Something Astonishing in X-Rays

This image of the Perseus galaxy cluster shows something extraordinary. In X-ray light, you can see the superheated gas which bathes the thousands of galaxies in the cluster. And in the shape of the gas, scientists found evidence of turbulence on a cosmic scale.

Image: NASA/CXC/Stanford/I.Zhuravleva et al

According to a release from the Chandra Observatory:

Galaxy clusters are the largest objects in the Universe held together by gravity. They contain hundreds or thousands of individual galaxies that are immersed in gas with temperatures of millions of degrees. This hot gas, which is the heftiest component of the galaxy clusters aside from dark matter, glows brightly in X-ray light. Over time in the centers of clusters, this gas should cool enough so that stars form at prodigious rates. This, however, is not what astronomers have observed in many galaxy clusters.

A team of researchers have found evidence that the heat is generated by turbulent motions, which they identified from signatures in the Chandra data. Previously, other scientists have shown the key role of supermassive black holes in the centers of large galaxies in the middle of galaxy clusters. These black holes pump vast quantities of energy into the volumes around them through powerful jets of energetic particles. Chandra and other X-ray telescopes have detected giant cavities created in the hot cluster gas by the jets.

The latest research provides insight into just how energy can be transferred from the cavities to the surrounding gas. The interaction of the cavities with the gas may be generating turbulence, or chaotic motion similar to that on a bumpy airplane ride, which then dissipates to keep the gas hot for billions of years.

The scientists targeted Perseus and Virgo because they are both extremely large and relatively bright, thus providing an opportunity to see details that would be very difficult to detect in other clusters. The evidence for turbulence can be seen most clearly in the ripple-like structures in the Chandra image of Perseus. When combined with careful analysis of the data with theoretical models, this new result provides the clearest evidence to date that turbulence is the mechanism that prevents the hot gas in these clusters from cooling.

Read the full scientific paper, available online.

Nature’s Arches: Photos of Stunning Sandstone in the American Southwest

Posted in SCIENCE, GEOLOGY,HEALTH, INVIRONMENT, TECHNOLOGY,ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY, with tags on November 29, 2014 by 2eyeswatching

Post 3995

Nature’s Arches: Photos of Stunning Sandstone in the American Southwest

 

Photos: Stunning Views of US National Parks from Space

Posted in SCIENCE, GEOLOGY,HEALTH, INVIRONMENT, TECHNOLOGY,ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY, with tags on November 29, 2014 by 2eyeswatching

Post 3994

Photos: Stunning Views of US National Parks from Space

 

In Photos: Ancient Silk Road Cemetery

Posted in SCIENCE, GEOLOGY,HEALTH, INVIRONMENT, TECHNOLOGY,ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY, with tags on November 29, 2014 by 2eyeswatching

Post 3993

In Photos: Ancient Silk Road Cemetery

Forging a Photo is Easy, but How Do You Spot a Fake?

Posted in THE ART with tags , on November 29, 2014 by 2eyeswatching

Post 3992

Forging a Photo is Easy, but How Do You Spot a Fake?