Archive for March 26, 2013

Best Space Photos of the Week – March 23, 2013

Posted in SCIENCE, GEOLOGY,HEALTH, INVIRONMENT, TECHNOLOGY,ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY, with tags , on March 26, 2013 by 2eyeswatching

Post 1806

Best Space Photos of the Week – March 23, 2013

by SPACE.com Staff
Date: 24 March 2013 Time: 10:31 AM ET
Northern Lights: Amazing Aurora Photos of 2013
Northern Lights: Amazing Aurora Photos of 2013
Credit: Auroramax
Canada’s automated aurora camera tweeted this photo on March 17, 2013. The tweet read: “AURORAMAX GALLERY • Latest #photo of #aurora borealis above Yellowknife, NWT taken at 03:13 MDT on March 17, 2013. pic.twitter.com/E9q7pQJ1l7.” [See the full photo gallery]
NASA Apollo Moon Rocket Engines Recovered by Jeff Bezos (Photos)
NASA Apollo Moon Rocket Engines Recovered by Jeff Bezos (Photos)
Credit: Bezos Expeditions
The thrust chamber of one of five first stage F-1 rocket engines used to launch one of NASA’s mighty Saturn V rocket on a historic Apollo moon mission is seen on the floor of the Atlantic Ocean in this Bezos Expeditions image.
Aftermath of Volcano Eruption Seen from Space
Aftermath of Volcano Eruption Seen from Space
Credit: NASA Earth Observatory
Ash, lava and debris cloak the snowy slopes of Kizimen volcano on Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula after a series of eruptions early this month. [Full Story]
Jupiter's Atmosphere Has Weird Hot Flashes
Jupiter’s Atmosphere Has Weird Hot Flashes
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SSI/GSFC
Though Jupiter is shrouded in swirling clouds, its atmosphere has some mysterious clear patches that scientists call “hot spots.” A new study of 13-year-old Cassini probe photos of Jupiter sheds new light on the planet’s hotspot. [Full Story]
Gamers Wanted: Teach Space Robots with Drone App
Gamers Wanted: Teach Space Robots with Drone App
Credit: ESA-Anneke Le Floc’h
The ESA has launched a free augmented reality app for iPhone and iPad called AstroDrone that lets players “see” virtual objects, such as a replica of the International Space Station, and practice docking their drones to the station. [Full Story]
US Military Launches Missile Defense Satellite (Photos)
US Military Launches Missile Defense Satellite (Photos)
Credit: Pat Corkery, United Launch Alliance
A United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket blasts off from Space Launch Complex-41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station carrying the second Space-Based Infrared System (SBIRS) GEO-2 satellite for the U.S. Air Force at 5:21 p.m. EDT on March 19, 2013. [See the full photo gallery]
Heart Nebula Wows in Beautiful Night Sky Photo
Heart Nebula Wows in Beautiful Night Sky Photo
Credit: Terry Hancock
Located about 7,500 light-years away in the constellation of Cassiopeia, the heart nebula is a mix of gas and dark dust. [Full Story]
On the Moon, NASA Probe Sees Where Sun Never Shines
On the Moon, NASA Probe Sees Where Sun Never Shines
Credit: NASA/GSFC/SVS
NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter is mapping moon craters that have never seen the light of day. See how the powerful probe can peek inside the moon’s permanent lunar shadows. [Full Story]
NASA Video Captures Comet, Sun Storm and Earth Together
NASA Video Captures Comet, Sun Storm and Earth Together
Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center/STEREO
A new NASA video has captured an amazing view of the Comet Pan-STARRS weathering a solar eruption, with the Earth in the background. See how NASA’s Stereo spacecraft captured the cosmic sight. [Full Story]
 Money for Moon Images: Lunar Photos Project Seeks Public Support
Money for Moon Images: Lunar Photos Project Seeks Public Support
Credit: LOIRP/NASA
The nonprofit Lunar Orbiter Image Recovery Project needs public funding help to continue its moon photo project. Find out how to help and why. [Full Story]
When You're in the Milky Way
When You’re in the Milky Way
Credit: ESO/H. Dahle
The 3.58-meter New Technology Telescope (NTT), located at ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile, stands against the southern sky. The Milky Way appears as a hazy stripe across the sky. Also, the Large Magellanic Cloud appears to the right of the telescope. [See More Images]
Bright Lights, Big Comet
Bright Lights, Big Comet
Credit: Douglas S. Brown
Astrophotographer Douglas S. Brown sent in a photo of Comet Pan-STARRS taken on March 13, 2013, from Mt. Woodson, just east of San Diego, shooting over the Pacific Ocean. [See More Images]
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NASA Apollo Moon Rocket Engines Recovered by Jeff Bezos (Photos)

Posted in SCIENCE, GEOLOGY,HEALTH, INVIRONMENT, TECHNOLOGY,ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY, with tags on March 26, 2013 by 2eyeswatching

Post 1805

NASA Apollo Moon Rocket Engines Recovered by Jeff Bezos (Photos)

SPACE.com Staff
Date: 20 March 2013 Time: 11:14 AM ET
Apollo Saturn V Rocket Engine: Sea Floor
Apollo Saturn V Rocket Engine: Sea Floor
Credit: Bezos Expeditions
The thrust chamber of one of five first stage F-1 rocket engines used to launch one of NASA’s mighty Saturn V rocket on a historic Apollo moon mission is seen on the floor of the Atlantic Ocean in this Bezos Expeditions image. Billionaire Jeff Bezos financed the expedition. Image released March 20, 2013.
Bezos' Audacious Plan: Raise Saturn V's Engines from the Bottom of the Sea (Infographic)

Bezos’ Audacious Plan: Raise Saturn V’s Engines from the Bottom of the Sea (Infographic)Credit: Karl Tate, SPACE.com ContributorThe floor of the Atlantic is littered with the wreckage of Apollo era rocket hardware.

 Bezos Expeditions: Apollo Saturn V Rocket Structure
Bezos Expeditions: Apollo Saturn V Rocket Structure
Credit: Bezos Expeditions
This image released March 20, 2013, shows part of the first-stage structure of the Saturn V rocket used to launch one of NASA’s historic Apollo moon missions.
Bezos Expeditions: Saturn V F-1 Engine Thrust Chamber
Bezos Expeditions: Saturn V F-1 Engine Thrust Chamber
Credit: Bezos Expeditions
Bezos Expeditions crew members work with the thrust chamber of a recovered F-1 rocket engine from the Saturn V rocket that launched one of NASA’s historic Apollo moon missions in this photo. Billionaire Jeff Bezos financed the recovery effort in the Atlantic Ocean and announced its success on March 20, 2013.
Bezos Expeditions: Saturn V F-1 Rocket Engine Nozzle Hat

Bezos Expeditions: Saturn V F-1 Rocket Engine Nozzle Hat

Credit: Bezos Expeditions

Bezos Expeditions crew members clean a nozzle hat component of an F-1 rocket engine used to launch one of NASA’s mighty Saturn V rockets during the historic Apollo moon missions. Image released on March 20, 2013.

 NASA Apollo 11 Saturn V Engines
NASA Apollo 11 Saturn V Engines
Credit: NASA
This NASA file photo shows the first stage of the mighty Saturn V rocket used to launch the historic Apollo 11 moon landing mission in 1969 as the booster was being built. The five huge F-1 rocket engines were discarded into the Atlantic Ocean after the July 16, 1969 launch.
Saturn V Moon Rocket Engine: The F-1
Saturn V Moon Rocket Engine: The F-1
Credit: NASA
A close-up view of an F-1 engine for the Saturn V rocket’s first stage. Amazon.com CEO Jeff Bezos says he has found the five engines used to launch Apollo 11 and plans to raise at least one from the ocean floor.
Bezos Expeditions: Saturn V F-1 Engine Thrust Chamber
Bezos Expeditions: Saturn V F-1 Engine Thrust Chamber
Credit: Bezos Expeditions
In this photo, Bezos Expeditions crew members work with the thrust chamber of a recovered F-1 rocket engine from the Saturn V rocket that launched one of NASA’s historic Apollo moon missions. Billionaire Jeff Bezos financed the recovery effort in the Atlantic Ocean and announced its success on March 20, 2013.
Bezos Expeditions: Saturn V F-1 Engine Gas Generator
Bezos Expeditions: Saturn V F-1 Engine Gas Generator
Credit: Bezos Expeditions
Bezos Expeditions team members clean a gas generator component of an F-1 rocket engine recovered from the Atlantic Ocean floor. The rocket engine was one of five used to launch a mighty Saturn V rocket on one of NASA’s Apollo moon missions in the 1960s and 1970s. Image released on March 20, 2013.
Apollo Saturn V Rocket Engine Heat Exchanger
Apollo Saturn V Rocket Engine Heat Exchanger
Credit: Bezos Expeditions
The heat exchanger for an F-1 rocket engine used on the Saturn V that launched one of NASA’s historic Apollo moon missions is seen in this Bezos Expeditions image released on March 20, 2013
Apollo Saturn V Rocket Engine: LOX Dome
Apollo Saturn V Rocket Engine: LOX Dome
Credit: Bezos Expeditions
A Bezos Expeditions team member sprays the LOX Dome of a recovered F-1 rocket engine that launched a mighty Saturn V rocket on one of NASA’s historic Apollo moon missions. The expedition supporter, billionaire Jeff Bezos, announced the engine recovery on March 20, 2013.
Apollo  Saturn V Rocket Engine Turbine
Apollo Saturn V Rocket Engine Turbine
Credit: Bezos Expeditions
A Bezos Expeditions team member works with a turbine from a Saturn V rocket engine recovered from the floor of the Atlantic Ocean in 2013, more than four decades after the engine launched one of NASA’s historic Apollo moon missions. Image released March 20, 2013.
Bezos Expedition Crew for Apollo 11 Rocket Engine Recovery
Bezos Expedition Crew for Apollo 11 Rocket Engine Recovery
Credit: Bezos Expeditions
The Bezos Expedition team poses for a group portrait during a a trip to recover the remains of F-1 rocket engines from the mighty Saturn V rocket that launched NASA’s historic Apollo 11 moon landing mission. Image released March 20, 201

Strange creatures of the Amazon

Posted in SCIENCE, GEOLOGY,HEALTH, INVIRONMENT, TECHNOLOGY,ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY, with tags on March 26, 2013 by 2eyeswatching

Post 1804

Strange creatures of the Amazon

Deep in the Peruvian Amazon lurk strange creatures and unique animals and sights, including spiders that make large spider-shaped decoys in their webs, unusually hairy caterpillars and atmospheric specters called solar halos.
http://news.yahoo.com/lightbox/strange-creatures-of-the-amazon-slideshow/
The larval form of a flannel moth, also known as a puss caterpillar. (Photo: Phil Torres/ LiveScience)
The cocoon of a urodid moth. (Photo: Jeff Cremer)
A spider that makes a “decoy” that looks like a much larger spider. (Photo: Phil Torres/ LiveScience)
Macaws and other birds gathering at a “clay lick,” which contains minerals not found elsewhere in the area. (Photo: Jeff Cremer/ LiveScience)
These amazing solar halos were spotted above the Tambopata River in Peru. (Photo: Phil Torres/ LiveScience)

Stunning photos of the very small

Posted in SCIENCE, GEOLOGY,HEALTH, INVIRONMENT, TECHNOLOGY,ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY, with tags on March 26, 2013 by 2eyeswatching

Post 1803

Stunning photos of the very small

The winners of the 2011 Nikon International Small World photography contest were announced Tuesday (Oct. 4), with the winning photograph of a green lacewing larva taken by Igor Siwanowicz of the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Germany. (LiveScience)
http://news.yahoo.com/lightbox/stunning-photos-of-the-very-small-slideshow/small-worlds-photo-1317762778.html
(Credit: Nikon Small World Competition) The Nikon International Small World Competition awards photographers for their renderings of the beauty and complexity of teensy things through the light microscope. The resulting photomicrographs must not only awe but also contribute significantly to various scientific disciplines. From alien-looking insects and worms to cells that would make stunning decorations, the 2011 award-winning photographs are both stunning and informative. Take a stroll into the world of the small
(Credit: Dr. Igor Siwanowicz Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, Martinsried, Germany) First place in the 2011 Nikon Small World photograph competition went to this photograph of an itsy-bitsy green lacewing larva. The bug landed on photographer Igor Siwanowicz and bit him; Siwanowicz retaliated by turning the insect into art.
(Credit: Dr. Donna Stolz University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA) A blade of grass magnified 200 times took 2nd place in the Nikon Small World photography competition, 2011.
(Credit: Frank Fox Fachhochschule Trier Trier, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany) The third place winner of the 2011 Nikon Small World contest was this photo of living Melosira monliformis, a type of algae.
(Credit: Dr. Robin Young The University of British Columbia Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada) Robin Young of the University of British Columbia took 4th place in the Nikon contest with this magnified image of liverwort
(Credit: Alfred Pasieka Germany) Get ultra-close with electronics with this 5th-place winner of the Nikon Small World contest. This is the surface of a microchip.
(Credit: Dr. Jan Michels Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel Kiel, Germany) The marine copepod Temora longicornis takes on subtle hues in this 9th-place-winning photograph.
(Credit: Dr. Donna Stolz The University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA) Nikon winner Donna Stolz is ready for Christmas — on a microscopic level, at least. This is a collage of mammalian cells, stained to reveal various proteins and organelles and then assembled into a wreath. Happy holidays!

Napoleon engagement ring on auction

Posted in WORLD'S HISTORY with tags on March 26, 2013 by 2eyeswatching

Post 1802

Napoleon engagement ring on auction

Napoleon Bonaparte and his fiance Josephine’s historic diamond and sapphire engagement ring was sold for close to $1 million at the Osenat auction house in France on March 24.
The engagement ring, a simple gold band decorated with a sapphire and diamond, offered by Napoleon Bonaparte to the future Empress Josephine de Beauharnais is displayed at the auction house Osenat in Paris March 14, 2013. The ring will go on auction in Fontainebleau near Paris on March 24 among a series of historical treasures. REUTERS/Jacky Naegelen (FRANCE – Tags: SOCIETY)
The engagement ring, a simple gold band decorated with a sapphire and diamond, offered by Napoleon Bonaparte to the future Empress Josephine de Beauharnais is displayed at the auction house Osenat in Paris March 14, 2013. The ring will go on auction in Fontainebleau near Paris on March 24 among a series of historical treasures. REUTERS/Jacky Naegelen (FRANCE – Tags: SOCIETY)
The engagement ring, a simple gold band decorated with a sapphire and diamond, offered by Napoleon Bonaparte to the future Empress Josephine de Beauharnais is displayed at the auction house Osenat in Paris March 14, 2013. The ring will go on auction in Fontainebleau near Paris on March 24 among a series of historical treasures. REUTERS/Jacky Naegelen (FRANCE – Tags: SOCIETY)
The engagement ring, a simple gold band decorated with a sapphire and diamond, offered by Napoleon Bonaparte to the future Empress Josephine de Beauharnais is displayed at the auction house Osenat in Paris March 14, 2013. The ring will go on auction in Fontainebleau near Paris on March 24 among a series of historical treasures. REUTERS/Jacky Naegelen (FRANCE – Tags: SOCIETY)
Napoleon’s Engagement Ring for Auction (ABC News)

2-Headed Shark Fetus Netted by Fisherman

Posted in SCIENCE, GEOLOGY,HEALTH, INVIRONMENT, TECHNOLOGY,ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY, with tags on March 26, 2013 by 2eyeswatching

Post 1801

2-Headed Shark Fetus Netted by Fisherman

Douglas Main, OurAmazingPlanet Staff Writer
Date: 25 March 2013 Time: 01:16 PM ET
The two-headed bull shark fetus. It’s about 8 inches (20 centimeters) from head to head. 
CREDIT: Journal of Fish Biology / C. M. Wagner et al  

When a fisherman caught a bull shark recently off the Florida Keys, he came across an unlikely surprise: One of the shark’s live fetuses had two heads.

The fisherman kept the odd specimen, and shared it with scientists, who described it in a study published online today (March 25) in the Journal of Fish Biology. It’s one of the very few examples of a two-headed shark ever recorded — there about six instances in published reports — and the first time this has been seen in a bull shark, said Michael Wagner, a study co-author and researcher at Michigan State University.

Technically called “axial bifurcation,” the deformity is a result of the embryo beginning to split into two separate organisms, or twins, but doing so incompletely, Wagner told OurAmazingPlanet. It’s a very rare mutation that occurs across different animals, including humans.

“Halfway through the process of forming twins, the embryo stops dividing,” he said.

The two-headed fetus likely wouldn’t have lived for very long in the wild, he said. “When you’re a predator that needs to move fast to catch other fast-moving fish … that’d be nearly impossible with this mutation,” he said.  [See the two-headed shark.]

Wagner said the description of the deformed shark may someday help better understand how these deformities arise in sharks and other animals.

Two-headed snakes and turtles can be bought from certain specialty breeders, and there is a small market for such creatures, Wagner said.

Several of the few examples of two-headed sharks available today come from museum specimens from the late 1800s, when deformed animals and other macabre curiositiesfetched high prices, he said.

Another reason the two-headed shark likely wouldn’t have survived: its small body. “It had very developed heads, but a very stunted body,” Wagner said. There’s only so much energy that can go into the body’s development, and it went into the shark’s double noggins, he added.

A radiograph of the two-headed shark.  

CREDIT: Journal of Fish Biology / C. M. Wagner et al 

Another photo of the two-headed shark fetus.  

Another photo of the two-headed bull shark fetus.
CREDIT: Patrick Rice, Shark Defense / Florida Keys Community College 

Stunning photos of volcanic lightning

Posted in SCIENCE, GEOLOGY,HEALTH, INVIRONMENT, TECHNOLOGY,ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY, with tags on March 26, 2013 by 2eyeswatching

Post 1800

Stunning photos of volcanic lightning

Photographer Martin Rietze witnessed the rare moment a lightning storm collided with an erupting stream of lava at Sakurajima Volcano in Japan.
Sakurajima Volcano in Japan. These lightstorm images were caught up close by photographer Martin Rietze who hunts out this exploding phemomena in active volcanoes across the world. PIC FROM MARTIN RIETZE / GUZELIAN
Lightning can be seen emerging through the lava eruption. Images were captured on February, 24 2013, around 4.50am, 3-4km east of the volcano in the Kaghoshima area of South Japan. PIC FROM MARTIN RIETZE / GUZELIAN
Rietze said: “I waited around four days for Sakurajima to produce repeated lightning events.” PIC FROM MARTIN RIETZE / GUZELIAN
Lightning only ever strikes a volcanic eruption during heavy ‘vulcanian’ or ‘plinian’ explosions when the amount of red lava is very low. PIC FROM MARTIN RIETZE / GUZELIAN
These flows are currents of hot gas and rock that reach temperatures of 1,000C and travel up to 500mph. However, ‘red volcanoes’ create meandering lava flows and pyrotechnic displays that can be viewed from relatively nearby. The magma wells up to form new land in the sea, such as Kilauea on Hawaii. “Here it is possible to have virtual contact with the volcano,” Rietze said. PIC FROM MARTIN RIETZE / GUZELIAN
When gas and magma builds up under the surface it eventually erupts above the surface through this gap, spewing rocks, lava and ash. The lava can reach 1,250c and burn everything in its path. PIC FROM MARTIN RIETZE / GUZELIAN