Joomla

Post 737

Joomla

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Joomla is a free and open source content management system (CMS) for publishing content on the World Wide Web and intranets and a model–view–controller (MVC) Web application framework that can also be used independently.

Joomla is written in PHP, uses object-oriented programming (OOP) techniques (since version 1.6) and software design patterns, stores data in a MySQL or (since version 2.5) MS SQL database, and includes features such as page caching, RSS feeds, printable versions of pages, news flashes, blogs, polls, search, and support for language internationalization.

As of March 2012, Joomla has been downloaded over 30 million times. Over 9,200 free and commercial extensions are available from the official Joomla! Extension Directory, and more are available from other sources. It is estimated to be the second most used CMS on the Internet after WordPress.

 Joomla logo
Developer(s) The Joomla Project Team
Stable release 2.5.4 / 2 April 2012; 7 days ago (2012-04-02)
Development status Active
Written in PHP
Operating system Cross-platform
Size 7.6 MB (compressed) 20.9 MB (uncompressed)
Type Content management system
License GNU General Public License
Website www.joomla.org

Development

Joomla was the result of a fork of Mambo on August 17, 2005. At that time, the Mambo name was trademarked by Miro International Pvt Ltd., who formed a non-profit foundation with the stated purpose of funding the project and protecting it from lawsuits. The Joomla development team claimed that many of the provisions of the foundation structure went against previous agreements made by the elected Mambo Steering Committee, lacked the necessary consultation with key stakeholders and included provisions that violated core open source values.

The Joomla development team created a website called OpenSourceMatters.org to distribute information to users, developers, web designers and the community in general. Project leader Andrew Eddie wrote a letter that appeared on the announcements section of the public forum at mamboserver.com. A little more than one thousand people had joined OpenSourceMatters.org within a day, most posting words of encouragement and support, and the website received the Slashdot effect as a result. Miro CEO Peter Lamont gave a public response to the development team in an article titled “The Mambo Open Source Controversy — 20 Questions With Miro”.This event created controversy within the free software community about the definition of “open source”. Forums at many other open source projects were active with postings for and against the actions of both sides.

In the two weeks following Eddie’s announcement, teams were re-organized, and the community continued to grow. Eben Moglen and the Software Freedom Law Center (SFLC) assisted the Joomla core team beginning in August 2005, as indicated by Moglen’s blog entry from that date and a related OSM announcement.The SFLC continue to provide legal guidance to the Joomla project.

On August 18, Andrew Eddie called for community input on suggested names for the project. The core team indicated that it would make the final decision for the project name based on community input. The core team eventually chose a name that was not on the list of suggested names provided by the community. On September 1, the new name, “Joomla!,” was announced. It is the anglicised spelling of the Swahili word jumla meaning “all together” or “as a whole. On September 6, the development team called for logo submissions from the community and invited the community to vote on the logo; the team announced the community’s decision on September 22. On October 2, brand guidelines, a brand manual, and a set of logo resources were published for the community’s use.

Joomla won the Packt Publishing Open Source Content Management System Award in 2006, 2007, and 2011.

On October 27, 2008, PACKT Publishing announced that Johan Janssens was the “Most Valued Person” (MVP), for his work as one of the lead developers of the 1.5 Joomla Framework and Architecture. In 2009 Louis Landry received the “Most Valued Person” award for his role as Joomla architect and development coordinators.

 Version history

Joomla versions
Version Release date Supported until
1.0 2005-09-16 2009-07-22dagger
1.5 (LTS) 2008-01-22 2012-04-24double-dagger
1.6 2011-01-10 2011-08-19dagger
1.7 2011-07-19 2012-02-24dagger
2.5 (LTS) 2012-01-24 2013-12double-dagger
3.0 2012-09 2013-04Section-sign
3.1 2013-03 2013-10Section-sign
3.5 (LTS) 2013-09 2015-06Section-sign
dagger Release no longer supported
double-dagger Release still supported
Section-sign Future release

Joomla 1.0 was released on September 16, 2005 as a re-branded release of Mambo 4.5.2.3 that combined other bug and moderate-level security fixes.

Joomla 1.5 was released on January 22, 2008. The latest release of this version was 1.5.26 on March 27, 2012.This version was the first to attain long term support (LTS). LTS versions are released each three major or minor releases and are supported until three months after the next LTS version is released.

Joomla 1.6 was released on January 10, 2011. This version adds a full access control list functionality plus, user-defined category hierarchy, and admin interface improvements.

Joomla 1.7 was released on July 19, 2011, six months after 1.6.0. This version adds enhanced security and improved migration tools.

Joomla 2.5 was released on January 24, 2012, six months after 1.7.0. This version is a long term support (LTS) release. Originally this release was to be 1.8.0, however the developers announced August 9 that they would rename it to fit into a new version number scheme in which every LTS release is an X.5 release.. This version was the first to run on other databases besides MySQL.

Joomla 3.0 is due to be released in September 2012. Originally, it was supposed to be released in July 2012; however, the January/July release schedule was uncomfortable for volunteers, and the schedule was changed to September/March releases.

 Deployment

You can install Joomla in various ways:

Many web hosts have control panels that allow you to install Joomla. On Windows, you can install Joomla using the Microsoft Web Platform Installer, which automatically detects and installs any missing dependencies, such as PHP or MySQL.

 Examples

These are some of the websites that use Joomla:

The official Joomla! site has a directory of example sites: Official Community Showcase

 See also

 

 

 

 

 

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