Archive for March, 2012

10 Reasons Some Men Love Bigger Women

Posted in Relaxing Corner on March 30, 2012 by 2eyeswatching

Post 673

10 Reasons Some Men Love Bigger Women

Thanks in no small measure to the fashion industry and its preference for impossibly thin models, women have been brainwashed into believing that the ideal figure comes in a size 2. In truth, many men prefer women with more, shall we say, substance. Yes, curves are back in a big way and men love them. Here are 10 reasons why some men love bigger women:

  1. Culture – Physical attraction is of course an individual thing, but a physical ideal is often the product of a particular culture. In many cultures, the ideal female figure is more curvaceous, and men from those cultures are naturally more attracted to women who fit that image.
  2. Biology – From a physiological standpoint, the female figure throughout history had been viewed from the perspective of one’s child-bearing characteristics. Wider hips and larger bosoms indicated fertility, strength and nursing capabilities.
  3. Memory – Some men might have a preference for larger women based on a psychological attachment to a strong female figure in their early lives. The physical dimensions they seek in a mate reflect the level of influence or control that figure had on them in their formative years.
  4. Mother – In the same way that many cultures have valued women for their ability to bear children, some men choose women in an attempt to replace their own mothers. Their physical preferences are rooted in the aforementioned idealized maternal image.
  5. Fidelity – Some men choose larger women based solely on the pretext that, as such, these women would be less likely to cheat on them. Their logic goes that a larger woman will be less attractive to other men, thus ensuring her fidelity. What this says about such a man’s self-image and his view of the opposite sex could fill a book.
  6. Insecurity – Some men choose larger women because, like the men described above, their preference is rooted in self-doubt. Their insecurity about their own appearance draws them to women whom they regard to be physically less-than-ideal themselves, and so won’t be rejected for their own shortcomings.
  7. Modern – Modern culture has recently begun to once again celebrate the zaftig female form. The prevalence of plus-size women in pop culture has changed a lot of minds regarding physical attraction.
  8. Compatibility – A predilection for plus-size mates might in some instances simply be a matter of physical compatibility. Large men would logically be expected to gravitate toward large women, closer to their own dimensions.
  9. Attraction – There are men who just like “something to grab onto”, as they say. They find the substance of a larger woman more sexually appealing and satisfying. Women with curves look like women, which leads us to our next observation …
  10. Different – As the French saying goes, vive le différence! Men are attracted to those attributes of the opposite sex that make them different. An hourglass figure is synonymous with femininity, and so is naturally appealing to those who do indeed celebrate how our genders complement one another.

Personal tastes and preferences vary widely, as do the underlying reasons behind them. While some of the reasons listed above might not be very complementary, there are many men who honestly prefer women with more flesh on their bones.

The 10 Worst U.S. Cities to Be a Teacher

Posted in News on March 30, 2012 by 2eyeswatching

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The 10 Worst U.S. Cities to Be a Teacher


Infographic- The 10 Worst US Cities to Be a Teacher

Being a teacher can be a thankless and trying job for even the most experienced and dedicated educators out there. With many leaving the profession after just five years on the job, it clearly isn’t for everyone, nor is it the easy job that many in the political world paint it to be. Teachers may enjoy summer vacations and breaks throughout the semester but many work long hours during the school year, deal with troubled students, and face a serious lack of educational resources for teaching.

Even in the best schools and communities, teaching is far from an easy career, but some cities pose special challenges for those who choose to teach, with many schools lacking funding, facing high drop-out rates, having violence on campus, or offering abysmally low salaries or a lack of jobs overall. While not every teacher in these schools is miserable, these cities offer some of the worst working conditions for teachers anywhere in the U.S., a trend we hope changes soon for teachers in these districts.

  1. Pierre, South Dakota

    When it comes to making money as a teacher, South Dakota is one of your worst bets. Average pay for teachers statewide is just $35,201, well below the $40,000 average in the U.S. In addition to low pay, teachers in the South Dakota capital shouldn’t expect to get much respect from legislators. The state’s governor, Dennis Daugaard has laid out numerous plans to cut education in the state, believing that many teachers and educational staff are dead weight and unnecessary for schools to function. He’s also proposed a 10% cut in education funding, which many in the state believe will cripple schools that are already struggling to perform to standards. Currently, the state has a 6.6% graduation rate, a figure that isn’t likely to improve with further cuts and disrespect to teachers.

  2. Topeka, Kansas

    Education in Kansas’ capital isn’t exactly booming. The state, Topeka included, suffers from low assessment scores and low graduation rates (just 6.4%). Even worse, Kansas officials have asked to opt out of certain requirements of the No Child Left Behind law because schools in the state can’t keep up with rising standards due to a lack of core curriculum. More than five dozen school districts filed a class action suit in November over what they consider to be unconstitutional cuts in state aid. These troubles have added up to a poor working environment for teachers, one that isn’t likely to change soon as the state’s governor has proposed even more budget cuts for education. In addition, Topeka offers teacher salaries that are in the bottom 10 nationwide, averaging just $47,080 a year. Things don’t get better down the line either, as legislators plan to change or eliminate current retirement programs.

  3. Nashville, Tennessee

    Education is a hot button issue in Nashville right now, as new legislation on a variety of issues has been proposed throughout the state. Officials are trying to cope with low graduation rates and some poorly performing schools, but with teachers only earning an average of $47,000 a year (those in Nashville start under $40,000 a year, less than other smaller cities in the state) and with new plans to forbid teachers unions from collective bargaining, many educators feel demoralized and underappreciated. Perhaps more troubling is legislation that proposes to prohibit teachers from discussing alternative lifestyles with students, banning any talk of gay or lesbian relationships, and a bill dubbed “the monkey bill” that seeks to limit the teaching of evolution and other scientific topics in schools.

  4. Albuquerque, New Mexico

    When it comes to teacher salaries, New Mexico comes in near the bottom, with teachers statewide earning just $46,950, including those who’ve been working for more than 10 years. Additionally, the state’s pension system is massively underfunded, with more than $5.9 billion in liabilities and only 60% of the cash on hand to pay them. As a whole, education isn’t faring well in New Mexico, with just 67% of students graduating from high school and 24 school districts requesting emergency financial help in 2010. The state is pushing hard for reform, however, though only time will tell if these changes are beneficial to teachers.

  5. Detroit, Michigan

    It shouldn’t come as any surprise that Detroit is a hard place to be a teacher. The city earned the honor of “Most Dangerous City in America” in 2007 due to both its incredibly high rate of property crimes such as car theft and burglary, and a rate of violent crime that’s the sixth-highest in the U.S. In addition to high crime, years of economic woes, and a huge population drop over the past two decades have left many public services in the city, including education, crippled. Detroit has an incredibly low job growth rate in almost every educational field but does offer teachers fairly good pay, with a statewide average of $50,238. Of course, teachers may get paid more because they have to work harder than their counterparts elsewhere in the state. In Detroit, 34.5% of kids live in poverty with the majority coming from single-parent homes. Despite failing schools and troubled students, the city has been slow to adopt reforms, and in a 2010 study by the Fordham Institute was given a grade of F across the board for reform friendliness.

  6. St. Louis, Missouri

    When it comes to crime, parts of St. Louis aren’t far behind notorious cities like Detroit. The city has been plagued by gang crime, some of which has shown up in local middle and high schools as well, and was named the “Most Dangerous City” in the U.S. in 2006. What’s worse for teachers is that the St. Louis school district had its accreditation revoked in 2006 by the Missouri board of education for not meeting state standards several years in a row, and six years later has yet to fully get it back. While schools have made great strides, teacher salaries are on the low end nationwide, averaging just $46,411, and many may not be able to cope with struggling students, lack of resources, and a district that still hasn’t recovered from a major setback.

  7. New Orleans, Louisiana

    New Orleans has had a rough couple of years with the devastation reaked by Hurricane Katrina, but even before that the education system was faltering and the state as a whole (though New Orleans especially) was a leader in violent crime, being named the murder capital of the U.S. in 2007. Today, more than 40% of kids in New Orleans live under the poverty line and lack basic school supplies, educational resources, and even food at home. Even worse, 91 of the 103 public schools in the city are in the failing category according to No Child Left Behind standards, making it the lowest performing school district in the state. Teacher salaries are low, with most starting at just $34,374 on average, and with schools already struggling to make ends meet, jobs are pretty hard to come by, especially at good schools. However, the city has one bright spot in that is has been ranked well for its acceptance of reform, being ranked among the most reform-friendly in the U.S.

  8. Bismarck, North Dakota

    North Dakota doesn’t fare much better than South Dakota when it comes to being a great place for teachers. Teachers statewide make an average of just $44,266 and the troubled state is expecting major budget cuts in the future. In recent years, more than 500 teachers and 1,200 teaching assistants have been laid off statewide, a trend that doesn’t appear to be changing anytime soon. Current budget cut proposals would slash the budget of the Bismarck School District by $6 million, meaning more layoffs may be on the horizon and many students may not get access to the educational resources and personnel they need.

  9. Biloxi, Mississippi

    Schools in Mississippi are some of the most troubled in the U.S. High school graduation rates are at just 64%, the worst in the nation, as are the state’s abysmal reading and math scores. Work in Biloxi or any of the state’s other major cities may be ideal for teachers who are looking for a challenge, but salary and job security may be major issues to consider. Teachers make an average of $46,818 a year, the 6th-lowest in the nation, and new jobs are being limited by statewide budget cuts. Additionally, the state faces a high crime rate and is one of the poorest and least healthy in the nation, putting greater pressure on teachers and increasing absenteeism of students.

  10. San Jose, California

    San Jose is close to Silicon Valley and San Francisco, is a wealthy community, and offers a great public safety record, diversity, and a great climate. It should be a great place to be a teacher, right? It depends on what you’re basing your assessment on. San Jose has one of the lowest job growth rates in the nation, making teaching jobs incredibly hard to come by. Cutbacks and layoffs have affected this community as well as many others across California due to the state’s severe budget crisis. The city was also ranked one of the worst for school reform and change by the Fordham Institute, scoring a D grade overall. This reticence to change is driven both by strong union resistance and leaders that are generally apathetic toward school reform. San Jose is not a terrible place to be a teacher, especially not when compared with many other schools on this list, but for those who want job security, opportunity, and a forward-thinking workplace, it’s one of the worst in the nation on all accounts.

American Students Studying Abroad

Posted in EDUCATION, BOOK, MOVIE,MUSIC & SPORT CORNER on March 30, 2012 by 2eyeswatching

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American Students Studying Abroad

Posted on Wednesday March 21, 2012                        by

14 Famous People Who Were Philosophy Majors

Posted in EDUCATION, BOOK, MOVIE,MUSIC & SPORT CORNER on March 30, 2012 by 2eyeswatching

Post 669

14 Famous People Who Were Philosophy Majors

Posted on Tuesday March 27, 2012                        by

Visual and liberal arts majors always encounter some kind of “joke” about flipping burgers or dying penniless in a gutter, surrounded by cats. Thanks to STEM subjects receiving all the funding and attention, anyone entering into a more “right-brained” degree plan does unfortunately face a more difficult time scoring a relevant job after graduation. Fortunately, though, they have creativity on their side. Philosophy majors, for example, enjoy career paths across a wide range of industries. All it takes is a little pluck and a lot of luck to score some rare opportunities, and these famous philosophy majors have certainly proved that it’s possible.

  1. Umberto Eco

    It makes perfect sense that one of the most prestigious living philosophers received a degree in the subject — in 1954 from the University of Turin, actually. Humberto Eco’s focus lay largely with medieval philosophy, and he penned his bachelor’s thesis on Thomas Aquinas before eventually sloughing off religious doctrine entirely. The avant-garde scene, with which he grew intimately acquainted while working at Radiotelevisione Italiana, holds considerable influence over his provocative, mind-melting fiction and nonfiction works alike.

  2. Aung San Suu Kyi

    Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi hold a bachelor’s degree in philosophy and economics from Oxford, alongside a University of Delhi B.A. in politics and Ph.D. from University of London. Currently, she serves as the General Secretary of the National League for Democracy, a political party in Burma dedicated to overthrowing the military junta and installing policies for the peoples. Geopolitics followers know her as a human rights activist who finally saw freedom in 2010 after multiple house arrest sentences for promoting subversive principles and philosophies.

  3. Peter Thiel

    If Peter Thiel’s name doesn’t conjure up recognition, perhaps some of his technological creations and investments do. The co-founder and former CEO of Paypal also assisted in the development of Facebook, Yelp, Spotify, Yammer, LinkedIn, and plenty of other familiar and not-so-familiar online ventures.The hedge fund leader, venture capitalist, philanthropist, and all-around money-haver launched his billion-dollar career after a stint at Stanford, where he completed work on a B.A. in philosophy as well as a J.D. at the law school.

  4. Ethan Coen

    Along with brother Joel, Ethan Coen has produced some of modern cinema’s most beloved masterpieces, such as Fargo, The Big Lebowski, O Brother, Where Art Thou?, No Country for Old Men, and plenty more. In 1979, he earned himself a philosophy degree from Princeton University, where his senior thesis dealt with language theorist (among other things) Ludwig Wittgenstein. Fans of the pair’s trademark quirky, occasionally staccato dialogue probably won’t find this at all surprising.

  5. Angela Davis

    As a proud feminist, Black Panther, and communist, this prominent social activist and retired University of California philosophy professor garners a veritable monsoon of controversy. Angela Davis’ higher education career started at Brandeis University, where she switched her major from French to philosophy and worked under Marxist Herbert Marcuse. These studies left a gargantuan influence on her later campaigns against racism, capitalist inequalities (obviously), sexism, and anti-LGBTQ sentiment.

  6. Steve Martin

    California State University, Long Beach holds popular comedian, musician, writer, and general entertainer Steve Martin amongst its alumni. By then, he already managed to channel his own emotions and experiences into performing, leading one to understandably assume he probably pursued a degree path involving drama or theatre. Philosophy piqued his fascination most of all, however, particularly when it came to ideologies regarding logic and language.

  7. Alex Trebek

    For $400. This Jeopardy host majored in philosophy at University of Ottawa. *Ding* Who is Alex Trebek? That is correct! He completed his diploma in 1961, then launched a television career two years later as the face of Canadian game show High Rollers. Other stints on different programs followed before he finally landed his most famous and long-standing gig in 1984.

  8. George Soros

    “The Man Who Broke the Bank of England” started off at London School of Economics and completed his Bachelor of Science degree in philosophy in 1952. Just about the only job he could score after graduation was an entry-level slot at Singer & Friedlander, a bank. Turns out ol’ George Soros possessed a knack for all things fiscal, seeing as how he kind of sort of ended up a billionaire. Launching his own hedge fund and investment firm proved quite profitable indeed, and the business mogul receives almost as much attention as his charitable efforts.

  9. Bruce Lee

    Bruce Lee’s real emphasis at University of Washington dredges up quite the dispute! His official records state “drama,” but the martial arts superstar always claims philosophy — as do many of his followers and fellow(?) majors. Regardless of how things actually went down, he did in fact study the subject quite extensively, and frequently touted its role in shaping both his acting and his athletics.

  10. Phil Jackson

    Legendary Chicago Bulls and Los Angeles Lakers coach Phil Jackson accomplished much more than just sharpening his basketball (and track and field!) acumen while attending University of North Dakota. Players, contemporaries, administrators, and fans don’t call him “The Zen Master” because he just loves getting his Bobby Knight on. Inquiries into “Eastern” thought and Robert M. Pirsig’s Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance won him 11 championships as a coach, added to the two earned as a player. He even published a book, Sacred Hoops, about how sport and philosophy interplay in his mind.

  11. Gene Siskel

    Philosophy lends itself quite well to film criticism for obvious reasons, and this famed commentator actually started off as doing just that with The Chicago Tribune. John Hersey, the Pulitzer recipient for A Bell for Adano served as Gene Siskel’s mentor during his studies while at Yale, even hooking him up with the aforementioned maiden voyage into the aforementioned career path. From there, he grew into a household name after hooking up with The Chicago Sun-Times‘ Roger Ebert and earning a lauded television program.

  12. Susan Sontag

    Filmmaker, author, activist, photographer and all around Renaissance woman Susan Sontag is frequently said to have received her B.A. from University of Chicago in philosophy, which she then followed up with graduate studies in the subject — along with religious studies and literature — at Harvard and Oxford. Considering her creative and intellectual oeuvre intended to shed light on social and political ills, this rigorous educational regimen served her well indeed. And by “indeed,” we mean she earned a MacArthur Fellowship, National Book Critics Circle Award, and litany of other national and international honors.

  13. David Foster Wallace

    While attending Amherst as an undergraduate, renowned American postmodernist novelist and essayist double majored in philosophy and English. After graduating, he pursued a master’s in creative writing from University of Arizona, eventually earning a MacArthur Fellowship and adjunct professorship at Emerson College. Prolific in his lifetime, with an enviable bibliography of long and short works, he is most known for the metafictional masterpiece Infinite Jest.

  14. Ricky Gervais

    This controversy-courting comedian behind beloved TV shows Extras and The Office (the original British series) majored in philosophy at the undergraduate level while attending University College London. When asked about how it helped bolster his television career, he whipped out the old saw about monkeys and typewriters. Fans, however, can certainly see the humorous benefits of devoting time, energy, and money towards the philosophical arts if pursuing an entertainment career

10 Most Ethical CEOs in Corporate America

Posted in Business News on March 30, 2012 by 2eyeswatching

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10 Most Ethical CEOs in Corporate America

We remember reaching a point around 2003 when we were completely sick of reading about Ken Lay and Jeff Skilling, Enron’s wayward executives. Enough with the stories of scoundrel CEOs, we said. Boy, was that naive. Enron was just the tip of a dirty, dishonest iceberg. The banking debacle introduced us to a whole new crop of shady business practices and practitioners. Since the well of unethical CEOs is apparently bottomless, we’ve compiled our 10 picks for the gentlemen of the corporate world who make us proud to be capitalists.

  1. Howard Schultz, Starbucks

    Howard Schultz first made waves in August 2011 by urging his fellow American CEOs to stop donating to politicians until they start running the government like a successful business. In other words, not living beyond their means. The next month he was back in the news announcing a partnership with nonpartisan group No Labelsto host a national telephone forum for ordinary Americans to come together to try to find solutions for the nation’s problems. The next month: a plan to facilitate “Americans helping Americans.” Called the Create Jobs for USA program, customer donations would combine with loans from microlenders to help fund small businesses in America.

  2. Greg Steinhafel, Target

    Steinhafel became CEO of Target in 2008, the year the Great Recession began to set in. But despite sinking sales figures, Steinhafel chose to continue the retailer’s longstanding practice of donating 5% of the company’s earnings to charity. He has also had the opportunity to prove his moral fiber thanks to an in-house dispute with a major stockholder and a controversy over a donation to an anti-gay politician. Steinhafel protected the shareholders by winning the battle but still shook hands with the combative shareholder. And to prove Target’s commitment to gay rights, he approved an increase in donations to gay rights groups to more than half a million dollars in 2011.

  3. Tony Hsieh, Zappos

    After selling his company LinkExchange to Microsoft in 2009, Tony Hsieh realized that happiness meant more than having money. He has made it his mission since becoming the chief exec of online retailer Zappos to do everything in his power to ensure employee and customer happiness. He even wrote a bookon the subject. Today Zappos is famous for its great employee culture and its equally great customer service. He formed a company called Delivering Happiness, based on the book’s title, to help people find their own passion and turn it into profit.

  4. Jim Skinner, McDonald’s

    The winner of a slew of awards like “Executive of the Year” and “Most Respected CEO,” Jim Skinner is a company chief who turned his collar from blue to white through hard work and a focus on customers. After 10 years in the Navy, Skinner returned home to Illinois in 1971 to work as a McDonald’s restaurant manager. He worked his way to CEO in 2004 and led the company to a 40% earnings bump in four years thanks to zeroing in on value and service. Now he is steering McDonald’s toward healthier food options for kids and programs like National Hiring Day, which saw much-needed jobs offered to 60,000 Americans.

  5. Michael Hershman, The Fairfax Group

    When corporations and governments run into sticky ethical situations, they call Michael Hershman and The Fairfax Group. The president and CEO of the well-known risk management consulting firm, Hershman is considered a leader on corporate transparency and accountability. He has advised countries like India and Chile on matters of ethics. In 1993 he co-founded Transparency International, a worldwide, not-for-profit group designed to fight corruption in government, business, and society. In 2011, Hershman was brought in to help monitor the FIFA World Cup selection committee after a bribery scandal rocked the soccer world.

  6. Casey Sheahan, Patagonia

    As a provider of outdoor wear, Patagonia has a vested interest in protecting the environment. Still, it goes above and beyond what could be considered simple due diligence from a business standpoint. The company’s Environmental Grants Program has given $22 million to conservation causes since being created in 1985. Casey Sheahan is a perfect fit for such a company. With his wife, Sheahan formed the Conscious Global Leadership Institute to “share best inner practices for inspired, heart-centered leadership.” On his watch, Patagonia Fishing and Patagonia Footwear joined 1% for the Planet, a group of companies that pledge at least 1% of all annual sales to promoting conservationism.

  7. Gary Hirshberg, Stonyfield Farms

    Technically, Gary Hirshberg is not a CEO. On Jan. 23, 2012, he stepped down as the chief executive of Stonyfield Farms, the biggest producer of organic yogurt in the world, after 29 years at the helm. Hirshberg started the company with one question in mind: “Is it possible to create an enterprise where everybody wins?” The “CE-Yo” as he was known was a proponent of corporate sustainability when few people had even heard the term. In 2008 he penned Stirring It Up: How to Make Money and Save the World. Although the company will keep Hirshberg’s philosophy of “healthy food, healthy people, healthy planet,” his is a voice that will be sorely missed in corporate ethics.

  8. Kenneth Chenault, American Express

    Kenneth Chenault rose to the top of the corporate ladder at AmEx by remembering what his father told him: “Focus on the things that you can control, and the only thing that you can control is your performance.” Chenault’s tremendous work ethic helped him excavate AmEx from the slump it was in when he took over in January 2001. When planes hit the World Trade Center buildings across the street from AmEx’s headquarters, Chenault saw to it that stranded cardholders found rides home, and he later OK’ed the donation of $1 million to the families of AmEx employees lost that day.

  9. Dan Amos, Aflac

    Profits have grown nearly tenfold since Dan Amos took the helm at Aflac way back in 1990. Ninety-nine out of 100 CEOs would use that as justification to raise their salaries tenfold as well. Not Dan Amos: he volunteeredto allow shareholders to vote on the executive compensation plan, the first major U.S. corporation to ever do so. The same year, he was awarded the U.S. Chamber of Commerce’s Corporate Citizenship Award. Aflac is widely recognized as one of the best American companies to work for, largely due to Amos’ leadership that fosters ethical business practices with social responsibilities. As just one example, he has overseen the donation of $50 million to the Aflac Cancer Center and Blood Disorders Service of Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta.

  10. Mike Duke, Wal-Mart

    For better or worse, as the country’s biggest company, what Wal-Mart does sets the trend for the rest of the retailers in America. Recently Wal-Mart has been making promising strides to benefit consumers under Duke’s leadership. The company recently announceda plan to reduce salt, fat, and sugar contents in its food, as well as lower prices on fruits and vegetables. First Lady Michelle Obama has lent her support to Wal-Mart’s effort as part of her program to fight childhood obesity, the first such time she has partnered with a single company.

Planetary Science Takes a Hit in 2013 (Infographic)

Posted in THE UNIVERSE & SPACE SCIENCE on March 29, 2012 by 2eyeswatching

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Planetary Science Takes a Hit in 2013 (Infographic)

Ross Toro, Contributor
President Obama's 2013 budget proposal slashes space science and planetary missions.
President Barack Obama unveiled his proposed federal budget for 2013 today (Feb. 13), which includes $17.7 billion for NASA and requires painful cuts to the agency’s Mars exploration plans that are already drawing criticism from astronomers. NASA’s portion of the proposed 2013 budget features a cut on planetary science missions, but includes some funding boosts for space technology and human exploration. See how planetary science fares in 2013 for NASA in the above infographic

A Galaxy Full of Alien Planets (Infographic)

Posted in THE UNIVERSE & SPACE SCIENCE on March 29, 2012 by 2eyeswatching

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A Galaxy Full of Alien Planets (Infographic)

by Karl  Tate, Infographics Artist
The latest data shows that our Milky Way galaxy is chock full of billions of planets, at least one for every star.
The latest study on the likely distribution of planets in our galaxy has found that at least 160 billion alien worlds exist in our Milky Way. Astronomers say the survey, based on estimates and computer projects, means that at least 1.6 planets circle each star in our galaxy. See how the alien planet population of our galaxy stacks up in the infographic above.

Inside the Planet Venus (Infographic)

Posted in THE UNIVERSE & SPACE SCIENCE on March 29, 2012 by 2eyeswatching

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Inside the Planet Venus (Infographic)

by Karl  Tate, Infographics Artist
Date: 06 March 2012 Time: 07:18 AM ET
Venus, second planet from the sun, is one of the brightest natural objects in the sky and has been considered Earth’s sister planet.
Venus, the second closest planet to our sun, is named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty. The cloud-covered world is also one of the brightest natural objects in the night sky. Learn more facts about Venus in the infographic above.

How NASA’s NuSTAR Spacecraft Will Hunt Black Holes (Infographic)

Posted in THE UNIVERSE & SPACE SCIENCE on March 29, 2012 by 2eyeswatching

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How NASA’s NuSTAR Spacecraft Will Hunt Black Holes (Infographic)

by Karl  Tate, Infographics Artist
By focusing X-rays, the Earth-orbiting NuSTAR space telescope will study black holes and other exotic objects in the distant universe.
NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) space telescope will launch in 2012 on a mission to seek out distant black holes like never before. Take a look at how the $165 million space telescope will launch and perform its mission in the infographic above.

Gallery :

Artist's Concept of NuSTAR

Artist’s Concept of NuSTAR

Credit: NASA/JPL-CaltechArtist’s concept of NuSTAR on orbit.

NuSTAR has a 10-m (30′) mast that deploys after launch to separate the optics modules (right) from the detectors in the focal plane (left). The mission’s launch is now scheduled for no earlier than March 21, 2012.

Pegasus XL NuSTAR Mission Profile

Pegasus XL NuSTAR Mission Profile

Credit: OSCThe NuSTAR mission will deploy the first focusing telescopes to image the sky in the high energy X-ray (6 – 79 keV) region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The mission’s launch is now scheduled for no earlier than March 21, 2012.

Deployed Mast

Deployed Mast

Credit: NASA

Using a deployable structure allows NuSTAR to launch on a Pegasus XL rocket, one of the smaller launch vehicles available.  The mission’s launch is now scheduled for no earlier than March 21, 2012.

First Optics Module Completed!

First Optics Module Completed!

Credit: NASAThe first NuSTAR optics module (“FM0”) completed on 2010 August 5.

NuSTAR will fly two optics units, each with 133 layers of grazing incidence optics.  The mission’s launch is now scheduled for no earlier than March 21, 2012.

Pegasus Rocket

Pegasus Rocket

Credit: NASA

The payload transporter carrying the environmentally controlled shipping container enclosing NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) is parked in the airlock at Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB) in California. The mission’s launch is now scheduled for no earlier than March 21, 2012.

Artist's Concept of NuSTAR in Orbit

Artist’s Concept of NuSTAR in Orbit

Credit: NASA

Artist’s concept of NuSTAR on orbit. The mission’s launch is now scheduled for no earlier than March 21, 2012.

Stowed Mast

Stowed Mast

Credit: NASA

Essential to the NuSTAR design is a deployable mast which extends to 10 meters (30 feet) after launch. This mast will separate the NuSTAR X-ray optics from the detectors, a necessity to achieve the long focal length required by the optics design. The mission’s launch is now scheduled for no earlier than March 21, 2012.



Credit: NASA

The integrated NuSTAR observatory, including the instrument and spacecraft, at Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC) in Dulles, Virginia on June 29, 2011. The observatory is being prepared for environmental testing, including testing in a thermal vacuum chamber and vibration testing. The mission’s launch is now scheduled for no earlier than March 21, 2012

NuSTAR at OSC, Jan. 2012

NuSTAR at OSC, Jan. 2012

Credit: OSC

The integrated NuSTAR observatory, including the instrument and spacecraft, at Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC) in Dulles, Virginia in January 2012. The mission’s launch is now scheduled for no earlier than March 21, 2012

Slumped-Glass Optics

Slumped-Glass Optics


The NuSTAR glass optics are being shaped at the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) mirror development lab, led by Will Zhang.  The mission’s launch is now scheduled for no earlier than March 21, 2012.

NuSTAR with Pegasus Rocket

NuSTAR with Pegasus Rocket

Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin, VAFB

The transporter for the Orbital Sciences Pegasus XL rocket rolls into the sunlight outside Orbital’s hangar at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The rocket is mated to NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, encapsulated in the Pegasus payload fairing. The transporter will move them to the runway ramp where they will be attached to the underside of Orbital’s L-1011 carrier aircraft. The aircraft will fly the pair from Vandenberg to the Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site on the Pacific Ocean’s Kwajalein Atoll for launch. A revised launch date will be set at the Flight Readiness Review, planned for later this week. The high-energy X-ray telescope will conduct a census of black holes, map radioactive material in young supernovae remnants, and study the origins of cosmic rays and the extreme physics around collapsed stars.

NuSTAR Satellite

NuSTAR Satellite

Credit: NASA/OSC

Computer graphic of what the NuSTAR satellite would look like, fully extended. The mission’s launch is now scheduled for no earlier than March 21, 2012.

NuSTAR's Final Checks

NuSTAR’s Final Checks

Credit: NASAAn

Orbital Sciences technician completes final checks of NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, inside the Orbital Sciences processing facility at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California before the Pegasus payload fairing is secured around it. Image released March 2, 2012

NuSTAR Technician Inside Nose Cone

NuSTAR Technician Inside Nose Cone

Credit: NASA

A spacecraft technician is performing closeout work inside the fairing that will be installed around NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) spacecraft in a processing facility at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. Image released March 2, 2012.

NuSTAR, Meet Rocket

NuSTAR, Meet Rocket

Credit: NASA/Randy Beaudoin, VAFB

At Vandenberg Air Force Base’s processing facility in California, the separation ring on the aft end of NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, at right, inches its way toward the third stage of an Orbital Sciences Pegasus XL rocket under the watchful eye of a member of the Orbital Sciences technical team. Image released Feb. 23, 2012.

NuStar Satellite Fairing Installation

NuStar Satellite Fairing Installation

Credit: U.S. Air Force/Doug Gruben

At Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, a fairing is installed on NASA’s NuStar satellite Friday, Mar. 2, 2012 to protect the satellite as it travels through the atmosphere and into space. The satellite will be mated to Orbital Science’s Pegasus rocket

Space Planes: Evolution of the Winged Spaceship (Infographic)


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Space Planes: Evolution of the Winged Spaceship (Infographic)

Karl Tate, Infographics Artist
Space Planes infographic