Shaanxi Provincial Museum: Qin GalleryShaanxi Provincial Museum: Qin Gallery

Post 371

 

Shaanxi Provincial Museum: Qin GalleryShaanxi Provincial Museum: Qin Gallery

lasting from 221 to 207 BC

QIN DYNASTY

The Qin Dynasty (ChinesepinyinQín CháoWade–Giles: Ch’in Ch’ao; IPA: [tɕʰǐn tʂʰɑ̌ʊ̯]) was the first imperial dynasty of China, lasting from 221 to 207 BC. The Qin statederived its name from its heartland of Qin, in modern-day Shaanxi. The strength of the Qin state was greatly increased by the legalist reforms of Shang Yang in the 4th century BC, during the Warring States Period. In the mid and late third century BC, the Qin accomplished a series of swift conquests, first ending the powerless Zhou Dynasty, and eventually destroying the remaining six states of the major states to gain control over the whole of China, resulting in an unified China.

During its reign over China, the Qin Dynasty achieved increased trade, improved agriculture, and military security. This was due to the abolition of landowning lords, to whom peasants had formerly held allegiance. The central government now had direct control of the masses, giving it access to a much larger workforce. This allowed for the construction of ambitious projects, such as a wall on the northern border, now known as the Great Wall of China. The Qin Dynasty also introduced several reforms: currency, weights and measures were standardized, and a better system of writing was established. An attempt to purge all traces of the old dynasties led to the infamousburning of books and burying of scholars incident, which has been criticized greatly by subsequent scholars. The Qin’s military was also revolutionary in that it used the most recently developed weaponry, transportation, and tactics, though the government was heavy-handed and bureaucratic.

Despite its military strength, the Qin Dynasty did not last long. When the first emperor died in 210 BC, his son was placed on the throne by two of the previous emperor’s advisers, in an attempt to influence and control the administration of the entire dynasty through him. The advisors squabbled among themselves, however, which resulted in both their deaths and that of the second Qin emperor. Popular revolt broke out a few years later, and the weakened empire soon fell to a Chu lieutenant, who went on to found theHan Dynasty. Despite its rapid end, the Qin Dynasty influenced future Chinese empires, particularly the Han, and the European name for China is thought to be derived from it.

Shaanxi Provincial Museum: Qin Gallery  lasting from 221 to 207 BC.

http://picasaweb.google.com/116512474184071531500/ShaanxiProvincialMuseumQinGallery

Qin State: model of tomb of Duke Qin Jinggong, 537 BC, 166 human sacrifices, largest pre-Qin Dynasty tomb found so far

Qin State: bronze pot, Spring & Autumn

Qin State: pottery jar, Warring States

Qin State: painted pottery jar, Spring & Autumn

Qin State: painted pottery jar, Spring & Autumn

Qin State: bronze he, Warring States

Qin State: bronze tripod, Qin Dynasty

Qin State: bronze dui, Warring States

Qin State: bronze ewer, Warring States

Qin State: bronze pot, Warring states

Qin State: bronze axle cap, Warring States

Qin State: pottery yu, Spring & Autumn

Qin State: pottery

Qin State: pottery jar, Qin Dynasty

Qin State: bronze tripod, 292 BC

Qin State: bronze tripod, Warring States

Qin State: bronze spoon, Qin Dynasty

Qin State: iron cha spade, Qin

Qin State: bronze pick axe, Warring States

Qin State: iron shovel, Qin

Qin State: bronze xiao scraper, Spring & Autumn

Qin State: bronze plow share, Warring States

Qin State: bronze plow share, Warring State

Qin State: bronze mirror, Warring States

Qin State: bronze mirror, Warring States

Qin State: bronze mirror, Warring States

Qin State: bronze jian, Lintong, Qin Dynasty

Qin State: pot, Spring & Autumn

Qin State: pottery qun granary, Qin

Qin State: bronze platter, Spring & Autumn

Qin State: bronze bell, Warring States

Qin State: bronze yan, Spring & Autumn

Qin State: gilded bronze flask, Warring States

Qin State: gold harness ornament, Spring & Autumn

Qin State: jade pendants, Warring States

Qin State: agate pendant

Qin State: gold buckle & rings

Qin State: jade pendants

Qin State: jade garment hook, bronze belt hook, Warring States

Qin State: iron dagger with gold inlaid handle

Qin State: iron dagger with gold inlaid handle (museum photo)

Qin State: gold animal masks

Qin State: gold & silver inlaid bronze belt hook, Spring & Autumn; lute-shape bronze belt hook, Warring States

Qin State: jade objects

Qin State: jade objects

Qin State: gold adapter ring for horse harness, Spring & Autumn

Qin State: gold ornaments (tiger on right), Spring & Autumn

Qin State: gold woodpecker, Spring & Autumn

Qin State: gold monster, Spring & Autumn

Qin State: bronze dragon, Warring States-Qin Dynasty

Qin State: bronze dragon, Warring States-Qin Dynasty

Qin State: bronze dragon, Warring States-Qin Dynasty

Qin State: bronze dragon, Warring States-Qin Dynasty

Qin State: bronze dragon, Warring States-Qin Dynasty

Qin State: brick, Qin Shihuang Mausoleum

Qin State: tile, Qin Shihuang Mausoleum

Qin State: pottery lamp, Qin Shihuang Mausoleum

Qin State: tile end, Qin Shihuang Mausoleum

Qin State: squatting figure, Qin Shihuang Mausoleum

Qin State: pot, Qin Shihuang Mausoleum

Qin State: bronze xi basin, Qin Shihuang Mausoleum

Qin State: spade coins, Spring & Autumn

Qin State: banliang coin mold

Qin State: banliang coiins, Qin Dynasty

Qin State: knife coins, Warring States

Qin State: large bronze weight

Qin State: bronze lidded ding, Warring States

Qin State: bronze he, Warring States

Qin State: bronze he, Warring States

Qin State: bronze pot

Qin State: bronze bell

Qin State: bronze crossbow trigger mechanism with repro bow

Qin State: bronze arrowheads, Qin Dynasty

Qin State: tiger tally, Qin Dynasty

Qin State: bronze ge, Qin Dynasty

Qin State: bronze ge, Warring States

Qin State: bronze ge, Warring States

Qin State: bronze jian, Warring States

Qin State: bronze spears, Warring States & Qin

Qin State: bronze spears, Warring States & Qin

Qin State: bronze dagger, Warring States

Qin State: bronze dagger, Warring States

Qin State: bronze pike, dated 228 BC, Lintong, Qin Shihuang pit

Qin State: bronze goose, Lintong, Qin Shihuang pit

Qin State: terracotta civil officer, Lintong, Qin Shihuang pit

Qin State: terracotta kneeling archer, painted, Lintong, Qin Shihuang pit

Qin State: terracotta sitting figure loading crossbow, Lintong, Qin Shihuang pit

Qin State: terracotta sitting figure, Lintong, Qin Shihuang pit

Qin State: stone armor, Lintong, Qin Shihuang pit

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